September 20, 2020
+233-302-777651- 4    dgsoffice@csir.org.gh      headoffice@csir.org.gh


Highlights of Some Achievements

Improve R&T Varieties 

In 2009, CSIR-CRI released 4 high yielding and drought tolerant cassava varieties. Another six varieties of cassava developed from local landraces in were released in 2014 giving a total of 10 high yielding cassava varieties released in the space of 5 years. The Research Institution has also released 3 varieties of cocoyam and 4 varieties of sweet potato. All the released varieties of Root and Tuber crops were done with support of the West Africa Agricultural Productive Programme (WAAPP-www.waapp.org.gh). All the released varieties have the potential of increasing cassava yields by more than 40%.   

CriAmpong min Cassava min
                       Pictures of the four varieties released in 2009

 

 

OutDooring min Cocoyam min
 Outdooring of Six Newly Released Cassava Varieties in 2014                      New Variety of Cocoyam Released in 2010


More information on CSIR-CRI visit website (www.cropsresearch.org)

The Yam Vine Technology

The yam vine technology to enhance yam seed production which is slow under the minisett technique. This technology uses yam vine to rapidly produce seed yam. The technology has a seed yam multiplication ratio of 1:240 as against the conventional minisett method of 1: 4.

 

 

soil min root min
 
                     Micro Tuber from Yam Vine

Rapid Multiplication of Planting Materials using Biotechnology

The CSIR-CRI has been using biotechnology in various areas of crop production to support the rapid multiplication of planting materials of crops. The institute has used biotechnology to develop 20 SSR markers for cocoyam. Also, with the support biotechnology three improved yam varieties have been genotyped while DNAs of 12 new varieties of sweet potato has been initiated for extraction. Eight varieties of rice have successfully isolated using biotechnology. CSIR-CRI is also using tissue culture to rapidly multiply yam, cocoyam, cassava and sweet potato planting. A Number of R&T crops are at various stages of in vitro multiplication.

  

lab min Biolab min
 Production of roots and tubers planting materials at the biotechnology laboratory
                    

More information on CSIR-CRI visit website (www.cropsresearch.org)

Contact Persons:
Dr. Joseph Manu Cassava Specialist
Dr. Emmanuel Otoo, Yam Specialist
Mr. Adofo, Sweet Potato Specialis


Livestock

The CSIR-ARI developed an intensive and semi intensive guinea fowl resource centres used for the training of guinea fowl farmers on good practices in guinea fowl production in order to boost the production of guinea fowls in Ghana. The brooder houses have the capabilities of reducing guinea keets mortalities by more than 80%. Guinea keets mortality is a major problem affecting the guinea fowl production industry. The Institute has also working on trials of using ethnobotanicals for treating diseases of livestock.

 

 

Model Semi min Intensive min
 Model semi-intensive housing
                    
nec min ethnovet min
Some of the plants being used in the ethnovet trials for management of diseases in guinea fowls & keets
                    

Contact institution ARI: www.csir-ari.org

Cereals and Legumes

As part of the Council’s contribution to addressing the country’s food security problem, the Savannah Agricultural Research Institute has released 4 early maturing (90 days to mature) and medium maturing (100 – 110 days), drought/Striga tolerant hybrid Maize. They are Kunjor-Wari, Suhudoo, Wari-kamana and Kpari-faako. These hybrid maize varieties are adapted to all the agro-ecological zones of Ghana and more especially to the savanna ecological zone that are challenged with such stresses as drought and striga infestation. The newly released varieties have yields potentials of between 5.7 and 5.8 t/ha for the early maturing hybrids and between 6.7 and 6.9 t/ha for the medium maturing.

Another drought tolerant maize; Pannar, also a hybrid variety has been released in addition to the 4. Pannar has a yield potential of 5.8t/h under favourable condition and 3.8t/ha under drought and climatic stressors. The released hybrid variety is also tolerant to rust and blight and had significantly higher yields than the three (3) local hybrids and Obatanpa under favourable conditions and even under drought stress.Additionally, the Savannah Agricultural Research Institute has released 5 improved varieties of pearl millet, namely; Bristled, SO x SAT, Tongo Yellow, Arrow and Bongo Short Head. Three of the varieties were developed from three major crosses of local and exotic pearl millet varieties resistant to bird attack, downy mildew, smut and ergot diseases.

  

 

maize min Agro min
 
                    
Arrow min Bongo min
                      
bristiled min farmer min
                      
maizefarm min millet min
                      
Morp min SoXsat min
                      
Tongo min  
                      

 

Post-Harvest Technologies

The Food Research Institute of the CSIR has developed technologies for processing three (3) intermediate products of cassava (High Quality Cassava Flour, Grits/Chips and Gari) and transferred to a number of processors. So far 2,500 primary out-processors have adopted these technologies. The institute has also developed and transferred technologies for utilizing composite flour from yam, cocoyam and sweet potato for adoption by bakery enterprises. The use of composite floor for baking will save the country a lot of foreign currency from the importation of wheat floor. In order to ensure the adoption of these technologies and to promote agribusiness activities, an agribusiness incubation centre was established.

Technologies for using composites flour to produce bread, biscuits, queens’ cake, chips, meat pie, chinchin and doughnuts from yam, sweet potato, cocoyam and water using the following combinations (10, 20, 30, 40, 50%) have been developed. Additionally, composite flours of cassava, sorghum, rice and maize have been formulated on 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40 and 50% into bread, chips, meat pies, biscuits, cakes and doughnuts. The adoption of composite flour by the bakery industry as a substitute to wheat flour will help cut down the importation of wheat flour.

 

 

test min tainees min
 
                    
noodle min Plantain min
AgriCent min                     
                      

For more information FRI website: http://www.foodresearchgh.org/about-us/achievements-and-awards.html

Policy

The CSIR-STEPRI in collaboration with the Ministry of Environment Science and Technology (MEST) developed the National Science and Technology Policy Document. It also facilitated the formulation of the framework for the implementation of a new structure for the management of S&T in Ghana.
Contact Institution: STEPRI

Construction

The Building Roads Research Institute of the CSIR Designed and Constructed a timber Bridge using secondary timber species. The bridge cost 75% of an equivalent concrete or steel bridge. The life span of the bridge is 50-60 years equal to concrete bridge and it is design to carry 60 tons load. The institute has also identified 85 termite-resistant timber species suitable for construction. One of the important breakthroughs was the development of Pozzolana which replace cement up to 40% thereby reducing the cost of cement by 18-20%. Pozzolana can be used for various types of construction and it improves the technical properties of cement. The pozzolana has a potential cost savings on the importation of cement by $30 million annually. Further improvement of the cement has been made (Pozzo-Mix), the improved cement can be used wholly without any combination with high quality results. The Pozzolana is especially suited for waterlogged areas.

Contact Institution: BRRI- http://www.brri.org

Soil Improvement

CSIR-Soil Research Institutes (CSIR-SRI) has come out with crop specific fertilizer dosages for yield maximizaion. The institute has successfully applied the Quantitative Evaluation of the Fertility of Tropical Soils (QUEFTS) model to estimate site-specific marketable yields and the effect of fertilizer application on the yields of yam on benchmarks soils in the Interior Savanna Zone of Ghana. It has also advanced the use of Biochar technology for soil improvement. Furthermore, CSIR-SRI has developed options for the management of acid and other problem soil for improved agriculture productivity in Ghana.

In order to maximize agricultural productivity, online soil maps have been developed, these maps are to facilitate the determination of specific crops suitable for particular soils in the various agro-ecological zones of Ghana. Other yield maximization options developed include Soil-Water Conservation and Land Management strategies, conservation agriculture technology, Sawah technology for lowland rice, Soil fertility regeneration of depleted soils, integrated soil fertility management for crops and Soil pollution remediation.

 

 

field min yam min
 A trial rice field under the Sawah technology
   A yam field under recommended fertilizer application                 
records min soil museum min
 Soil Museum                                                               Soil Chemistry & Mineralogy                 
chem min                     
 Micobiology & Rhizobiology                     

 

Contact Institution: SRI

Aquaculture

An Agriculture research and development team of the CSIR-Water Research Institute has successfully developed an improved Akosombo Strain of the Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). By selecting the fastest growing fish over eight successive generations, CSIR-WRI has developed the improved Akosombo strain which grows about 30% faster than those in the wild. Normally, tilapia takes eight months to reach maturity from the fingerling stage when they are purchased from hatcheries. However, under cage culture condition or system, the improved strain takes five months to reach a mean weight of 420 grams from an initial stocking weight of 15 grams. This means that fish farmers can produce more fish each year. Not only does the Akosombo Strain bring financial reward to the local farmer, but it provides the necessary dietary protein for millions of Ghanaians who feed on fresh fish.

Aqua min
Cage Culture of tilapia at the Volta basin (Akosombo)

Other Areas of Research Breakthrough Include:

Natural Forest Management

   • Grith limits and sustainable felling intensity of some timber spicies
   • Methods for rehabilitating degraded forests and mined sites
   • GIS based model for fire hazard and risk management.

2 Plantation Development

   • Protocol for “Best Practice” in plantation development.

3 Tree Improvement

   • Provision of genetically improved seeds and seedlings.
   • Methods of handling forest tree seeds.
   • Propagation techniques (seed germination, tissue culture and macro propagation for tree species).

4 Forest Health

   • Strategies for control of forest pests and diseases.
   • 18 A Brief on CSIR-FORIG

5 Wood Utilization and Preservation

   • Techniques for processing and utilization of Lesser-Used Species (LUS)
   • Standards for power transmission poles
   • Code of practice for wood preservation, quality control procedures and inspection for timber products in Ghana
   • Techniques for improving durability of wood and bamboo products through rural wood preservation methods
   • Wood shingles design for roofing
   • Drying properties and kiln drying schedules for Ghanaian timber species
   • Techniques for the production of wood wool cement slabs
   • Techniques for wood waste utilization, briquettes, charcoal, slabs and particle boards.

6 Non Timber Forest Products

   • Snail farming cultivation technique
   • Bee-Keeping technology
   • Techniques for mushroom (Domo) production using agricultural waste
   • Techniques for the production of plant-derived insecticides
   • Techniques for the production of plant extractives (tannins, dyes

Contact Institution: FORIG


Warning: count(): Parameter must be an array or an object that implements Countable in H:\root\home\csirghana-001\www\csirghana\templates\ts_news247\html\com_k2\templates\default\item.php on line 285
© 2020 The Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). All Rights Reserved.
cheap nba jerseys cheap jordans cheap nike air max cheap jordans for sale cheap jordan shoes